Aug 14, 2023

Tiranga: 10 Interesting Facts About India’s Tricolor Flag


Design and Colors

The flag consists of three horizontal stripes of saffron (top), white (middle), and green (bottom). The saffron color represents courage and sacrifice, white symbolizes purity and truth, and green signifies fertility and growth.

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Ashoka Chakra

In the center of the white stripe is the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel in navy blue. It represents the law of dharma (righteousness) and was adopted from the Lion Capital of Ashoka, an ancient Indian sculpture.

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Adoption Date

The flag was adopted on July 22, 1947, by the Constituent Assembly of India. It was hoisted for the first time on August 15, 1947, marking India's independence from British rule.

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Flag Code

The Indian flag's specifications, including its colors, proportions, and usage, are defined by the Flag Code of India. The code prescribes rules for its display and proper handling.

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Size and Ratios

The flag's length to width ratio should be 3:2. However, there are variations in the sizes of the Ashoka Chakra on different flags depending on their intended use.

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Flag Hoisting

The flag is hoisted on various national and important occasions, including Independence Day (August 15), Republic Day (January 26), and Gandhi Jayanti (October 2). It is also hoisted at government buildings, schools, and institutions across the country.

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Vertical Display

The flag should never be hoisted upside down or displayed vertically. It must always be flown horizontally.

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Half-mast Position

The flag is flown at half-mast as a mark of respect on occasions of national mourning. This is usually done by raising the flag to the full extent first and then lowering it to the half-mast position.

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Flag's Production

The manufacturing of the flag is tightly regulated to maintain its sanctity. The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission is responsible for producing the flag in the hand-spun and hand-woven Khadi fabric.

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Respecting the Flag

It is important to treat the flag with utmost respect. It should never touch the ground, be used for any decoration, or be intentionally allowed to get dirty or damaged.

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